Planning to buy a flat in Singapore? Applying for a HDB Build-To-Order (BTO) flat has seemingly become a rite of passage for couples in Singapore. This application represents a commitment towards the next stage of your lives together.
With the May 2020 exercise having been deferred, the next HDB BTO application in August will feature two sales exercises in one. Applicants will have more options to choose from, with 8 projects to be released in August, offering an estimated 7,820 new units spread over 11 locations across Singapore. November will see 5 more projects. You can find more information about the HDB BTO launches in 2020 here.
To apply for a HDB BTO flat, you have to meet these eligibility criteria set out by HDB. Most notably, your average gross monthly household income cannot exceed $14,000 if you are looking to apply for a 4-room or bigger flat.
Here are 8 ways you can improve your HDB BTO ballot chances.
Select an estate in a non-mature town, one that is less sought after. Examples from recent BTO exercises include Sembawang, Tengah, Woodlands and Jurong West. Non-mature estates are likely to be further from town or the CBD, and could also be a distance away from the nearest MRT. However, these units also tend to be more affordable.
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How it improves your chances: Looking back at the November 2019 BTO exercise, a 4-room flat in Ang Mo Kio (a mature estate) received 3,806 applications for 235 units. This means that for every unit available, there are 16.2 applicants vying for it.
Compare this to the 1,937 applications received for 1,091 4-room flats available in Tengah (a non-mature estate), with an application rate of 1.8. With less than two applicants contesting for each unit, applying for a flat in Tengah would see a higher probability of getting a queue number compared to applying for a unit in Ang Mo Kio.
Improve your chances by applying for a project that is within 4km of the HDB flat or private residential property that your parents are living in. You can measure this based on the block in the project that is nearest to your parents’ address. If your parents own more than one property, the property which they reside in will be the one used for the proximity reference.
Do note that if you apply under the Married Child Priority Scheme (MCPS), after collecting the keys, your parents who helped you qualify for the scheme must continue to live within 4km of your new flat throughout the Minimum Occupancy Period (MOP).
Main scheme: Married Child Priority Scheme (MCPS)
How this improves your chances: There is a quota set aside just for applicants under the MCPS. Up to 30% of BTO units are reserved for first-timer families that apply under the MCPS and up to 15% of BTO units are reserved for second-timer families.
To get first priority within this quota, you can apply under the MCPS to live with your parents. Your parents must then be included in your flat application and continue to live with you throughout the MOP.
If your parents are looking to get a new flat, or if you would like to stay near your parents within the same estate, you can apply for two flats in a BTO project through a joint application with your parents. This is only possible if the BTO project offers 2-room Flexi or 3-room flats.
If successfully balloted, both parents and married child will have the opportunity to choose flats on the same floor or elsewhere within the BTO project, from a pool of pre-identified flats. You will receive three queue numbers:
- One queue number under the MGPS: Both households can choose their flats together
- Two queue numbers under the Public Scheme: Choose a flat as a public applicant
You can decide if you want to book the flats jointly under the Multi-Generation Priority Scheme (MGPS) or as public applicants depending on the ballot results.
Main scheme: Multi-Generation Priority Scheme (MGPS)
How this improves your chances: Up to 15% of the 2-room Flexi or 3-room flats are set aside for parents that apply under the MGPS. A corresponding number of 2-room Flexi or larger flats will similarly be set aside for the married child.
Couples that already have children (that are Singapore Citizens aged 18 years old or below) or have a baby on the way can consider applying for a BTO. To apply for this scheme, you must be a first-timer applying as a married couple.
Main scheme: Parenthood Priority Scheme (PPS)
How this improves your chances: Up to 30% of BTO units are allocated to applicants under the PPS.
In Singapore, our fertility rate fell to the lowest in 8 years, at 1.14 in 2018. This is far from the replacement figure of 2.1 in developed countries. To help encourage the formation of larger families, the HDB has available the Third Child Priority Scheme (TCPS).
If you and your spouse have more than two children, you can tap on the TCPS to improve your BTO ballot chances. To apply, your family must consist of at least three children. The third child must be a Singapore Citizen while the other children have to be either a Singapore Citizen or a Singapore Permanent Resident.
Main scheme: Third Child Priority Scheme (TPCS)
How this improves your chances: Up to 5% of BTO flats are allocated for applications under this scheme.
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If you have a child in tow, you can tap on this assistance scheme which is targeted at divorced or widowed persons with children. Under this scheme, you must have at least one child aged 18 years old or under and you must not have acquired any interest in an HDB flat or private residential property (except for your matrimonial flat or property), after the date of divorce/separation or demise of your spouse.
Main scheme: Assistance scheme for Second-Timers (Divorced/Widowed parents) (ASSIST)
How this improves your chances: Up to 5% of BTO 2-room Flexi and 3-room flats in non-mature estates are set aside under ASSIST. However, this quota is shared with the 30% quota set aside for second-timers.
Singapore’s rental market saw higher transaction volume and occupancy rates in 2019 and rents rose across all market segments. If you and your family have been living in an HDB public rental flat for at least two years, you can consider making the leap to become a homeowner by applying for a BTO flat.
Main scheme: Tenants’ Priority Scheme (TPS)
How this improves your chances: Up to 10% of 2-room Flexi and 3-room BTO units are set aside for those applying under the TPS.
If you are applying for a BTO flat, be sure to make the most of your first application.
First-timer applicants enjoy privileges and priority in flat allocation, as your housing needs are more pressing. HDB sets aside more flats for first-timers during sales launches and gives first-timers an additional ballot chance. First-timers get two ballot chances while second-timer applicants get one single ballot chance.
However, the queue number to book a flat is randomly generated for flat applicants who are successful in the ballot, with no priority or privilege given.
You can find all the priority schemes on HDB here.
Don’t be disheartened by failed attempts to get a queue number for your BTO application. There will continue to be new BTO sales launches every quarter. Should you be unsuccessful in your BTO application at least twice for a home in a non-mature estate, you will get an additional ballot chance per subsequent application.
If all else fails, you can always consider applying for other types of HDB housing such as resale flats or Sale of Balance Flats (SBF).
This article was first published in SingSaver.
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