Squalane is a compound that can be found in humans, animals and plants. The earliest source of squalane came from sharks, with the richest source being their livers. Obtaining squalane from sharks has since ceased as researchers have found ways to extract them from plants such as olives and rice bran and add them to skincare.
In addition, squalane is an important component of sebum. But with age, squalane production level drops. Applied topically, squalane provides a moisturising effect to the skin, repairs the skin barrier and fights stress from oxidation and ultraviolet rays. It is no wonder then that squalane has since become a popular ingredient in skincare.
1) It provides antioxidative protection
Due to its composition as part of sebum, squalane is quickly absorbed and forms a protective film. As such, it can inhibit the oxidation of skin lipids. Squalane can also penetrate deep into the skin and aid the proliferation of skin basal cells, which is especially helpful in improving dull skin and delaying ageing.
2) It can moisturise and balance skin
Again, due to its proximity to the skin structure, squalane can be easily absorbed to improve the health of sebum. This is especially for those who suffer from insufficient sebum secretion as squalane can help retain moisture and improve concerns of skin dryness and dehydration.
3) It helps to repair skin
In addition, squalane can promote blood circulation, thereby enhancing cell metabolism and helping skin repair and renewal.
Who should try squalane?
Firstly, people with sensitive skin can adopt the ingredient. As it is part of the sebum make-up, the skin generally doesn’t reject squalane so chances of irritation are lower. Secondly, those who have thinner stratum corneum and impaired skin barriers can start using squalane too. Finally, dry skin sufferers should add squalane into their routine stat.
Here are five squalane-containing skincare products to try now: