Photo: Instagram / vanessaremoquillo

It is natural to want to look good for Chinese New Year, especially when visiting relatives and friends. While shopping for hair extensions or gel manicures that stay shiny red, consider possible side-effects that could leave you in a flutter for all the wrong reasons.



Photo: ST file

These are synthetic fibres that are glued one by one or in small groups to natural eyelashes. They will gradually fall out with the natural lashes.

How bad: If not done properly, the lash extension can cause corneal abrasion, said Dr Sunny Shen, a senior consultant and head of the oculoplastic department at the Singapore National Eye Centre. Also, the glue that is used to bond the extensions often has formaldehyde or other chemicals that can irritate the eye.

Dr Leo Seo Wei, a senior consultant ophthalmologist at Mount Elizabeth Hospital, said she has seen patients with eye problems due to eyelash extensions. "These can be allergic reactions to the chemicals or other components that make up the eyelash extensions or glue, resulting in eyelid redness, swelling and eye redness," she said.

"In such cases, patients need to get rid of the extensions and start treatment with anti-allergy and anti-inflammatory medication." There are also cases of patients developing conjunctivitis or eye infections. Dirt and bacteria can get trapped within the extensions.

"As the natural lash grows out, the distance between the sheath of eyelash extension and the skin on the eyelid gets longer and this is an area where debris from makeup, bacteria, dead skin cells and oil accumulates," said Dr Leo.

Other problems can develop if eyelash extensions are used on a long-term basis. When worn on a regular basis, the weight of the eyelash extensions can put stress on the hair follicle and eventually cause it to fall out and not grow back, said Dr Leo.

This means the user will have fewer natural eyelashes. She may then become even more dependent on eyelash extensions prompting a vicious cycle, she added.

If you are still keen: "There are no fixed rules. As long as the patient understands the risks, keeps the area clean, has no complications, she can continue to have the eyelash extensions," said Dr Leo.

Do have it done professionally by a trusted beautician, said Dr Shen.



Photo: ST file

These are strands of synthetic or human hair that are attached to existing hair fibres using glue, braids, sewing, or clips.

How bad: Some people are allergic to the chemical or glue used for hair extensions, and this can cause an inflamed and itchy scalp, said Dr Liew Hui Min, specialist in dermatology & consultant, Raffles Skin & Aesthetics.

The weight of the hair extensions can put the scalp and existing hair follicles under constant tension. This will gradually cause the scalp to be inflamed and scarred, and can lead to permanent hair loss, with discrete patches of baldness, she said.

It may take several years before signs of permanent hair loss is noticed, said Dr Liew. But not everyone with hair extensions will experience permanent hair loss.

Dr Liew has had patients who suffered hair loss which surfaced after they started using hair extensions on a daily basis, for a few years.

If you are still keen: Occasional wear should be fine, said Dr Liew. Go for temporary extensions, which can be detached from the scalp easily so they need not be worn to sleep, she said.